Clearance falling is a type of thinning that aims to improve the growing conditions of young plants and shaping the species composition of the stand, carried out in forests aged 4 to 20 years. At this age, the stand is very dense and the trees compete for light, water and nutrients. Low-value tree species are often the fastest growing, choking out valuable coniferous and deciduous ones.
During clear-cutting, the first trees to be removed are those that hinder the growth of the main species of the future stand, as well as crooked, damaged and dying trees.
Sanitary felling is a type of thinning, the purpose of which is to improve the health of the forest by removing diseased, damaged, dying or dead trees from the stand. The basis for such felling is an opinion issued by a forest protection expert. Diseases, storms and pests are the most common reasons for sanitary felling. For example, eradication of storm debris in a large area, removal of trees that are sources of infection or breeding pests, removal of trees with external damage.
It is important to ensure that the density of the forest does not drop below 30% as a result of sanitary felling.
The cutting of tree trunks with a diameter of the sternum of less than 8 cm is generally referred to as ‘pruning’. The most typical types of pruning are clearance pruning, undergrowth pruning and maintenance pruning for various aims (power lines, gas pipelines, etc.). Depending on the type of cut, the soil bearing capacity and the accessibility of the site, brush-cutting is carried out either manually or using special machinery.
Manual scrub cutting involves the use of a scrub cutter or chain saw. It is mainly used for clearance and undergrowth pruning, maintenance of power lines where felling is fragmented and in areas with poor access or soft ground.
In other cases, it is preferable to use an excavator with special equipment. The most common of these is the brush shear, which can be used to cut the brush and then immediately pile it up
Undergrowth clearance is the first stage of thinning or clear-cutting, the purpose of which is to remove shrubs and young trees from the stand. As a result, the visibility of the plot boundaries and the area around the trees is greatly improved, making the logging machine operator’s job a lot easier.”
Thinning is a type of maintenance cutting aimed at increasing the value of a stand by creating good growing conditions for the highest quality trees. Thinning reduces competition for nutrients and water and increases the resistance of the stand to storm and snow damage, diseases and insect pests. Thinnings are carried out in forests between 20 and 50 years old and the number of thinnings over the life cycle of a stand varies depending on the stand type and forest management objectives.
During thinning process, sick, dying or dead trees are removed first, followed by pruned, malformed and damaged, and finally, overly dense healthy trees.
Regeneration felling is the main form of timber harvesting carried out on trees that have reached harvesting age. The most common type of regeneration felling is clear-cutting, during which most trees, except for seed trees and so-called beacon trees, are cut in a limited area of the forest. The felled timber is sold for profit.
An alternative to clear-cutting is so-called intermittent felling, in which mature trees are felled at long intervals, and selective felling, in which individual mature trees or groups of trees are cut down.
Corridor expansion is an activity aimed at bringing the width of an existing clearance up to the statutory standards. The maximum width set by law is called the protection zone and varies according to the voltage level of the line or the capacity of the gas pipeline.
Cutting new clearings is in essence also a land clearing, i.e. this activity implies a change the use of land for the purposes other than forestry. New glades are most often cut for road construction. In recent years, several new power lines have been constructed in which our experts have also been involved. We are able to offer a complete service, from tree felling to stump removal and ground levelling.
It makes no difference whether you are dealing with a field left fallow, an abandoned residential area or a neglected ditch – brushwood appears everywhere. We live in a region where rainfall level is so high that it provides excellent conditions for shrub and brush growth. Annual growth of individual hardwoods can reach several metres. Over a ten-year period, an abandoned property can therefore develop into an area with shrubs which would be very hard to deal with for non-professionals.
In such a situation, our specialists will help you get rid of the pesky shrubs. If there is enough biomass, you can also earn money on it by selling us the right to cut it down and sell it. Contact us and we’ll find the best solution together!
Are there any trees on your property or in the vicinity of your property which may endanger life, health or property? Let us know and depending on the situation we can find the best solution to the problem. We have specialists who can deal with trees of any complexity.
Whether the tree is growing right outside your home, in the middle of your yard or right next to the power line, we can use a variety of techniques and equipment to get rid of the tree safely and dispose of the cuttings and stumps.
Clearing is a type of logging that is intended to change the use of the land for the purposes other than forestry. It can be for construction purposes, re-cultivation of degraded farmland, laying of infrastructure, cutting of a new clearance for a power line or other technical network.